Via ferrata or steel paths are paths along the rocks where the steel ladders are used for climbing.
They were created during the First World War for the needs of the Austrian and Italian armies in the Dolomites. These are tracks along the walls arranged with iron tools. In present time they represent a true tourist attraction because they are located in attractive areas. The "Steel Path", as it is still called, is intended for all those who want to climb the walls, but have no alpine experience. This is actually the first step towards alpinism, because the feeling is similar, you are on the wall, your legs are on the ladder, but you are also secured for a steel wire that is usually followed by ferret.
Via ferrata can be vertical and horizontal.
Whether climbing via ferreta is safe?
1) Climbing via ferrata is completely safe, but requires a certain physical effort and preparation of the participants
Participants are expected to have the physical condition of a person walking for at least 30 minutes a day or a person able to climb the stairs up to 10 floors without any special effort. Participation of persons over 120 kg is not possible, as well as underage persons under 15 years of age. Parents' written consent is required for the participation of minors from 15-18 years of age. Via ferrata is not recommended for people who are afraid of height.
2) Guides and mandatory climbing equipment on ferrata (rope, helmet, belt, and gloves) are provided by the tour operator
The technical equipment used for climbing via ferries has evolved and improved from time to time and from unsafe to up-to-date and complete with high level of safety and comfort.
What is the equipment for via ferrata you receive from us?
All the equipment used is certified and certified by the relevant institutions. Only equipment intended for this purpose is used, it is certified according to the international UIAA standard (Union International des Associations d'Alpinisme - International Climbing and Mountain Federation).
Where can you go on via ferrata in Serbia?
In Serbia you can go to via ferrata on Kablar and at Kosovo where 3 via ferrates were built:
- On the rocks of Berim, on the mountain Mokra Gora, near Zubin Potok in northern Kosovo
- In Rugovska gorge, near Peja there are 2 via ferrata: Ari and Mat
3) Via ferrata at Kablar is good for those who want to try via ferrata for the first time
This is the first via ferrata in Serbia. It is located in Ovcar Banja, on the massif of Kablar, towards the cave Turčinovac.
Thevia ferrata is 45 meters high, and its overall length is 60 meters due to its scratching. Climbing via ferrata is completely safe, does not require special conditioning and exertional effort. Climbing and descent from last about an hour.
Via Ferrata on Kablar
4) Via Ferrata on the rocks of Berim will provide you with the real excitement and challenge
It is located on the rocks of Berim on Mokra Gora Mountain. It is 25km far from Zubin Potok, and the road to Via Ferrata crosses the Gazivode Dam further to Kovace Village, followed by a gravel road to Previja and further to Berim.
Via ferate BERIM consists of several parts where each of them can represent a separate climbing unit. However, each part, and thus the whole via ferret, is characterized by vertical climbing, which is provided with steel rope and metal auxiliaries (stairs, pins and stairs) with full length. Good climbing requires good physical fitness. On vertical sections there are several protrusions that require additional physical readiness. The downhill with the ferates is particularly demanding because it represents the movement on an exceptionally steep and rocky terrain, which is often not provided with a steel cord or other security aids. That is why climbing on ferries BERIM is not recommended without accompanying the guide, especially for participants without experience in this type of climbing.
Based on its technical characteristics, via feratta BERIM belongs to the category of heavier ones.
The total length of the track is 4 km, passes in about 4 h
The length of the vertical is 500 m, and the altitude difference is 300 m
5) Via ferrata Ari and Mat for enjoying the unique nature of the Rugovo Gorge ambience
These two ferrata in Peja were built in 2012 according to the latest standards, with the help of Italian experts who built ferratas in the Dolomites. They are maximally safe. On the Ari, the vertical rise is in the length of 100 m, while the second ferrata Mat goes horizontally. The trails go through the ancient caves and the remains of former fortifications, from which there is a beautiful view of Peja and Rugova gorge.
It takes about 3.5h for climbing both ferratas.
The Patriarchate of Pec, one of the most important monuments of the Serbian past under the protection of UNESCO, is located nearby. You can visit it before or after climbing ferratas.
Via ferrata Mat in the Rugova gorge
How to move on via ferrata?
6) Use the equipment properly, be concentrated, be careful about the distance between each other and the possible outfits
As with any other activity, the main rule is - security in the first place. The equipment you get should be used properly.
Via ferata is ensured by its entire length with a steel rope and this is its main element for safety and safe movement. Whether you are moving with the help of climbers or your own body over the wall, you must have both carabiners hooked to the steel rope.
Carabiners slide through the cables with your movement, and you can also pull them through the cord independently if it is easier at some points. In the second case you should pay attention that the hands and the body are not plugged into the gutters and that they are free.
During the climb you must have a high level of concentration. The cable carriers are positioned along the cables, and the carabiner sliding is from one to the other carrier. When passing by the carrier, it is necessary to unload the carabiner from the cable and then attach it on the other side of the cable support. The first one, then the other, is never both in parallel. In particular, this must be taken into account because the most dangerous mistake the climber can make.
As you would not have happened if one climber falls to another, you need to make the necessary interpersonal distances. It is recommended that the distance be several meters, and on one section consisting of two cable carriers, there must be only one climber.
On sloping land or where the ground or other loose terrain prevails, and there is no tread, the steel wire should be used as a support and movement aid. In such a situation, care must be taken to ensure that the carabiners do not rub the fingers that should always be in front of the carabiner.
In case you rock the rock during climbing and cause some kind of slipping, you must promptly inform people underneath the "Stone" or "Watch" message with a loud message.
What are our instructors? What if you get panic on the middle via ferrata?
7) If you happen to panic and you can not move on, there are our instructors who will help you and let you safely
Intructors ie conductors on the ferries from the very beginning analyze the group. They determine who needs the most attention, but also because of that person they do not neglect the rest of the group.
Before climbing, instructors will introduce you to the challenges that the ferates bring about, as well as the mental and physical difficulties that you are anticipating. It will present you a plan of movement, rest, speed and other details.
The guide will inform you about the possibilities if someone wants to give up on further climbing.
If you give up, the guide will come to you and safely lower you to the base.
How to get dressed and what to take on via ferrata?
8) Dress up layered and comfortable clothes, wear hiking boots (ideally with a vibram sole) or deep sneakers with a hard sole
It's best to wear long trousers or trainers. Because of the more comfortable movement of clothes, it should be pleasant. Do not have much things with you. You can take a small backpack in which you will put enough water, some fruit and some sweets. Breaks made on the ferrata are short.